Hypericum perforatum herb is a herbal remedy that has a sedative, tonic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic and mild anti-depressant effect, stimulates blood circulation, improves the digestive tract.
Release form and composition
Hypericum grass comes in the form of:
- The crushed vegetable raw materials, in packs on 35, 50 and 75 g;
- Powdered vegetable raw materials, in filter bags of 1.5 g;
- Raw materials in briquettes, for 8 g.
The chemical composition of Hypericum perforatum:
- Procyanidins and other catechin tannins;
- Tannic acids;
- Caffeic acid derivatives, incl. chlorogenic acid;
- Beta carotene;
- Essential oils;
- Flavonoids quercetin, isoquercithin, hyperoside, rutin, amentoflavone;
- Acylchloroglucinols, in particular hyperforin with a small amount of adhyperforin;
- Anthracenta derivatives (mainly hyperecin and pseudohypericin).
Indications for use
In the form of infusions and decoctions, including in the complex therapy, the herb of St. John's wort is recommended to be taken when:
- Sleep disturbances;
- Endogenous depressions, especially in menopause;
- Symptomatic and reactive depressions;
- States of anxiety, emotional instability, irritability;
- Diseases of the genitourinary system, including urolithiasis and cystitis;
- Lung diseases, incl. with colds and bronchitis;
- Gallbladder and liver diseases, including gallstone disease, hepatitis and cholecystitis;
- Inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract and oral mucosa, including with sore throat, stomatitis, gingivitis, pharyngitis, periodontal disease and periodontitis;
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system (as an additional tonic);
- Diseases of the digestive tract, including peptic ulcer, duodenal ulcer, gastritis, diarrhea, dysbiosis, abdominal distension, reduced acidity of the stomach.
Outside the grass of Hypericum apply:
- For the treatment of ulcers, inflammations, burns and blackheads;
- With joint and muscle pain (as part of complex therapy);
- For disinfection of abrasions, wounds, scratches;
- With purulent skin diseases - infected wounds, abscesses, phlegmon;
- With herpes zoster;
- With hemorrhages.
Inside infusions and decoctions of herb St. John's wort are contraindicated:
- Children up to 12 years;
- During pregnancy;
- Breastfeeding women;
- With hypertension;
- When hypersensitivity to the biologically active components included in the chemical composition of the plant.
Hypericum grass is not recommended to be taken simultaneously with:
- MAO inhibitors - because possible mutual potentiation of effects, there is a risk of hypertensive crisis;
- Antibiotics - because hypericus accelerates their excretion from the body and, as a result, reduces their effectiveness.
Dosing and Administration
Vegetable raw materials used for the preparation of infusions and decoctions for oral administration.
Preparation of the infusion: 3 g of raw materials or 2 filter packages placed in a glass or enamel bowl, pour 100 ml of boiling water, cover with a lid. After 15 minutes, strain the infusion, squeeze the grass and bring the volume to 100 ml with boiled water. When brewing bags, it is recommended to periodically press them with a spoon.
Broth is prepared as follows: 1 tbsp. chopped herbs pour 0.5 liters of water, put in a water bath for about 15-20 minutes, remove and leave to infuse, strain.
The specific dose of infusion or decoction depends on the type of disease and the severity of its course. As a rule, it is recommended to take them in the form of heat in half a glass twice a day about 30 minutes before a meal. The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks.
Outside, the herb of Hypericum is used in the form of compresses and lotions.
In diseases of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, the plant is used for rinsing - 1/2 cup of warm remedy 3-4 times a day. In this case, treatment usually lasts from 5 to 10 days.
Basically, the herb Hypericum is well tolerated. In rare cases, oral medication may be accompanied by a feeling of fullness of the stomach, photosensitization, constipation or diarrhea.
When hypersensitivity to the plant does not exclude the likelihood of allergic reactions.
St. John's wort is considered a weakly toxic plant, therefore, with long-term ingestion, it can cause discomfort in the liver, a feeling of bitterness in the mouth, and in men, in addition, a weakening of potency.
Women who are prescribed Hypericum herb should be warned that it can reduce the contraceptive effect of oral contraceptives. There have been reports of the development of acyclic bleeding with the combination of Hypericum with oral contraceptives, which include levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol.
There is some evidence that a plant can damage reproductive cells. For this reason, it is not recommended to prepare too concentrated decoctions and infusions.
Tannin acids present in the composition of Hypericum reduce the absorption of iron.
It should be noted that with simultaneous use of the herb Hypericum can affect the plasma concentration of all drugs that are metabolized with the participation of the cytochrome P450 system.
In the case of the combined use of St. John's wort reduces the effectiveness of digoxin. And after stopping its reception there is a risk of increased toxicity of the substance.
Medicinal plant reduces the concentration in the blood of theophylline and cyclosporine.
Mutual enhancement of effects is noted with the simultaneous use of the herb St. John's wort and fluoxetine, sertraline, fluvoxamine, paroxetine or citalopram. As a result, the development of serotonin syndrome is possible (its symptoms are tremor, agitation, confusion, sweating).
The following herbal remedies are made on the basis of the herb St. John's wort:
- Helarium Hypericum;
- Herbion Hypericum;
- Deprim Forte;
- Doppelgerz Nervotonic;
- Hypericum tincture;
- St. John's wort (tablets);
- Hypericum extract dry;
- Life 600;
- Life 900;
In addition, as one of the active ingredients St. John's wort is part of various multi-component preparations.
Terms and conditions of storage
Hypericum herb sold without a prescription. Store raw materials should be in a dry place protected from the sun. Its shelf life is 3 years. Prepared infusions and decoctions can be stored no more than 2 days in a cool place.