Centaury is a herbaceous plant of the gentian family used to improve appetite and to treat many diseases of the urinary system and the gastrointestinal tract. Also, this plant is called scrofula, red flower, strawberry grass, seven-sided, spool, golden grass, centauria, grass from fever, gastric grass.
In total there are about 20 species of this plant, but for medicinal purposes, the centaury umbrella is used mainly.
The plant contains the following biologically active components:
- Flavone glycoside centaurein;
- Essential oil;
- Nicotinic, ascorbic, oleanolic acid;
- Gentianin alkaloids and erythricin;
- Small amount of tar;
- Bitter glycosides erythrocentaurin, erythaurin and genti-picrin;
- Chromium salts;
The centaury is a plant that has been used for medicinal purposes in ancient times, as can be seen from the references to it in many herbalists from the 13th century. Moreover, his descriptions are found in the works of Theophrastus, Hippocrates, Dioscorides, and Avicenna.
Centaury is widely used not only in folk but also in official medicine due to its properties:
The plant is used as a means of improving appetite, stimulating peristalsis and secretion of the digestive organs in various gastrointestinal diseases. Healing properties of the spool can take it with a high acidity of the stomach.
The centaury is a part of many fees, contributing to the rapid recovery of power after past illnesses, accompanied by severe fever.
In folk medicine, the plant is often used for female diseases, catarrhal diseases and food allergies.
Tonic property of the spool is used in the treatment of diseases of the nervous system and heart. The plant helps to overcome alcoholism - eases the symptoms of hangover, eliminates cravings for alcoholic drinks, cleanses the body, restores the work of internal organs.
The centaury is an active component of various drugs listed in the Register of Medicinal Products of Russia and belonging to pharmacological groups of appetite regulators, anthelmintic and laxative drugs. For example, the spool is one of the active substances of Canephron H - a drug that is used for chronic infections of the bladder (cystitis) and kidneys (pyelonephritis), non-infectious chronic inflammatory diseases of the kidneys (glomerulonephritis and interstitial nephritis), and even alcoholism. The plant is also a part of Depuraflux - medicines for the treatment of acute and chronic constipation, Balm Maurer - a general tonic and tonic remedy, a drug for the treatment of gastric ulcers of various origins, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and urinary tract, functional disorders of the pancreas and liver, intoxications, metabolic disorders and tons .d., as well as Balm Bittner - a drug with a tonic, antispasmodic, choleretic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and local anesthetic.
Indications for use
The beneficial properties of the thousandth are used in the treatment of:
- Heart and lung diseases;
- Chronic hepatitis;
- Chronic gastritis;
- Peptic ulcer;
- Duodenal ulcers;
- Tumors of the digestive organs;
- Pathological course of female menopause;
- Biliary tract diseases, including gallstone disease;
- Worm invasion;
- Dermatological diseases, including vitiligo, eczema, long-term ulcers and wounds;
- Inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity;
- Nervous exhaustion;
The use of centaury is strictly contraindicated in only one case - if there is a known hypersensitivity to any biologically active component that is part of the chemical composition of the plant.
Before treating children, as well as pregnant and lactating women, it is recommended to consult with your doctor.
Homemade medicine of the centaury
Means that increases the appetite and normalizes the secretion of the glands of the digestive system: 1 tbsp. powdered dry herb of the thousand-year-old (you can grind it in a coffee grinder) pour 200 ml of vodka and insist in a dark place for 2 weeks, periodically shaking the container. Take 20 drops three times a day 30 minutes before meals. The same tincture can be used as an antihelminthic.
Infusion for the treatment of cholecystitis: 1 tbsp. herbs pour 1 liter of boiling water, insist for an hour, strain. Take 1/2 cup three times a day half an hour before meals.
Medication for the treatment of chronic hepatitis: 20 g of crushed raw materials pour 1 liter of boiling water, cover and leave until completely cool. Take 1/3 cup three times a day for 1 hour before meals.
For heartburn, nausea, constipation and diabetes, you can take this tincture: 5 g of powdered dry herb pour 25 ml of 40% alcohol, put for 2 weeks in a dark place, shake occasionally. Strain and take three times a day, 20-30 drops half an hour before meals.
A remedy for alcoholism: 2 tbsp. l put the dry herb in an enamel bowl, pour 200 ml of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, leave for 1-2 hours and strain. Drink 1/3 cup two or three times a day.
As a general tonic and in the treatment of various diseases, it is possible to take and simply dry powder spool - 1-2 g, washed down with water or mixed first with honey in a ratio of 1: 1, 3-4 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
The recipe for the centaury broth for hair loss: 30-50 g of dry grass pour 1 liter of boiling water, boil for 2-3 minutes over low heat. Rub into the scalp 1-2 times a day.