Ginseng (Latin name Panax) is a perennial plant of the Araliaceae family of the Panaks family, which has a huge number of healing properties, for which the people call it the gift of immortality, salt of the earth, miracle of the world, grain of the earth, divine grass, and the root of life.
According to many sources, ginseng was used as a healing tool more than 300 years ago. There are 11 species of this plant, but Asian ginseng is most commonly used for medicinal purposes (it grows in China, Japan and Korea) - its extract is a component of various preparations of traditional medicine. Ginseng is also of tremendous value, but today it is not used because it is listed in the Red Book.
In the composition of ginseng were found:
- Triterpene saponins;
- Glucosides: Panaxine, Panaxosides, Panacvillon;
- Pectic substances;
- Essential oils;
- Acids: folic, nicotinic, pantothenic;
- B vitamins;
- Vitamins C, E;
- Metallic germanium;
Ginseng has a tonic, restorative and immunomodulating effect. It improves appetite, sleep, general well-being, memory and mental activity.
The root of life is a natural adaptogen. Therefore, people who use it, better adapt to all kinds of adverse environmental conditions, including heat, cold, exercise and various infections. This property of ginseng is due to the biologically active substances entering its chemical composition, which have a stimulating effect on the cerebral cortex and subcortical structures. The plant enhances the metabolism, relieves fatigue, increases the body's resistance to diseases, helps to restore strength and performance after physical and mental stress, surgery and experienced serious illnesses. Ginseng has a beneficial effect on the psycho-emotional state and the nervous system of the person, helps to combat stress, nerves, chronic fatigue, depression, apathy.
It is proved that even a single application of the root of life increases efficiency and endurance. According to studies conducted on athletes, after a single dose of ginseng drug, the results improved to 50%. In accordance with the same research, long-term use of the plant helps to increase muscle endurance by more than 1.5 times. And what is very important, Panax is not a doping, because it does not cause excitement and exhaustion, it does not destroy the natural forces of the body.
Ginseng also increases radiation resistance, increases gas exchange, sharpens the function of vision, stimulates the endocrine system and even improves the activity of the sex glands. Due to the last property, the root of this plant is included in the composition of various drugs used for sexual dysfunction and infertility, which is caused by asthenozoospermia (reduced sperm motility).
Ginseng has a beneficial effect on the heart and blood vessels. It regulates blood pressure, i.e. elevated decreases and lowers increases (water and alcohol extracts are used for this, respectively), and also slows the heart rate, increases the amplitude of heart contractions, reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood.
Ginseng normalizes the work of the intestines, has an analgesic effect in chronic gastritis, greatly alleviates the condition of patients with Botkin's disease, helps to restore the function of the liver.
In addition, Panax increases resistance to hypoxia, improves the blood supply to the body, has a positive effect on the blood system.
Divine herb is also used in oncology. It is proved that the root helps to prevent the recurrence of the disease, slows the growth of tumors, and sometimes contributes to the reverse degeneration of malignant cells into healthy ones. Ginseng is recommended to use with gamma irradiation, because it normalizes the content of hemoglobin, reticulocytes, leukocytes and erythrocytes, slows down the loss of body weight, increases the survival of cancer patients. Infusions and decoctions of the root can be taken for cancer prevention, especially for people who are at risk.
Ginseng slows the aging process, has a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin and hair, therefore it is often used in cosmetology.
Indications for use
- Heart defects;
- Diseases of the digestive tract;
- Increased loads;
- Muscle pain and cramps;
- Headache, dizziness;
- Early stages of tuberculosis;
- Cold diseases;
- Endocrine diseases;
- Sexual impotence;
- Weakening of vision;
- Some mental and nervous diseases of a functional nature (including neurosis, neurasthenia, depression and psychasthenia);
- Oncological diseases.
These are just the main indications, in fact, the scope of ginseng is even greater.
Preparations based on ginseng are contraindicated:
- Pregnant women;
- During the period of breastfeeding;
- In extreme heat;
- Children up to 12 years;
- Simultaneously with other stimulants;
- With convulsions, epilepsy and severe excitability;
- With exacerbation of inflammatory processes
During the period of ginseng use, it is recommended to limit the consumption of coffee and strong tea.
Homemade Ginseng Cures
Alcohol tincture of ginseng: 50 g of raw or 15 g of dry crushed roots pour 0.5 liters of vodka, for 2 weeks insist in a dark place. Strain and take 1 tsp. 20 minutes before each meal courses for 10-30 days.
Chinese recipe tincture: root weighing about 50 grams immersed in a container, pour 500 g of vodka. The next day, heat the liquid to 50 ºС, stirring, and place for 1 week in a warm place. Drink 1 glass before meals three times a day. When approximately 20th of the initial volume of the tincture remains in the container, add another 0.5 liters of vodka and repeat the preparation. So you can do 2-3 times, then you need a fresh root.
Water decoction: 2-3 tbsp. l chopped root pour a glass of cold water, boil for 3-5 minutes on low heat, cool and strain.
Tea from ginseng: powdered dry root pour boiling water in a ratio of 1:10, for 10 minutes, insist and strain. Drink 1 tbsp. three times a day 20 minutes before meals.
Ginseng extract: 100 g of the roots of the plant through a meat grinder, mix with 900 g of heated honey. Leave for 3-4 weeks to infuse (it is recommended to stir the mixture periodically with a wooden spoon). Take 1/2 tsp. in the morning on an empty stomach 30 minutes before meals. The course is 2-3 months.
In small quantities, ginseng extract can be added to hair balms, masks and face creams. Tincture of the plant will help against hair loss: for this, 2-3 times a week it is recommended to rub it into the hair roots. To improve the condition of the skin of the body a little bit of infusion can be added directly to the bath.