Nazol is a local vasoconstrictor drug used in ENT practice.
Release form and composition
Nazol is produced in the form of a nasal spray of 0.05%: colorless, transparent, odorless (15 or 30 ml in plastic bottles, 1 bottle in a carton bundle complete with a spraying device).
The composition of 100 ml spray includes:
- Active ingredient: oxymetazoline hydrochloride - 0.05 g;
- Auxiliary components: benzalkonium chloride - 0.02 g, sodium dihydrogen phosphate dihydrate - 0.65 g, macrogol 400 - 7.5 g, povidone - 0.4 g, sodium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate - 0.006 g, propylene glycol - 7.5 g, dihydrate edetate disodium - 0.1 g
Indications for use
Nasol is prescribed to relieve nasal breathing in the following diseases:
- Rhinitis and sinusitis of any etiology;
- Catarrhal diseases and viral infections of the upper respiratory tract.
- Atrophic rhinitis;
- Age up to 6 years;
- Pregnancy and lactation;
- Hypersensitivity to the drug.
Nasol should be used with caution in the following diseases / conditions:
- Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism (diabetes) and thyroid function (hyperthyroidism);
- Cardiovascular diseases (chronic heart failure, arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease, arrhythmias, tachycardia);
- Chronic renal failure;
- Angle-closure glaucoma;
- Prostate hyperplasia;
- Concurrent use with monoamine oxidase inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants.
Dosing and Administration
Nasol is used intranasally.
A single dose (in each nasal passage) is determined by the indications:
- Adults and children from 12 years: 2-3 injections;
- Children 6-12 years: 1 injection.
Frequency of use - 2 times a day (more frequent use of Nazol is not recommended).
The duration of therapy is no longer than 3 days.
With frequent or prolonged use of nasol, a feeling of difficulty in nasal breathing may return or worsen. With the development of these signs, it is necessary to interrupt therapy and consult a doctor.
Do not spray the drug in the prone position and throw back the head when injecting.
Sometimes, when applying Nasol, the following side effects may develop: dryness in the throat and oral cavity, dryness or burning of the nasal mucosa, an increase in the volume of secretions from the nose, sneezing.
After the effect of Nazol has passed, reactive hyperemia (a strong feeling of nasal congestion) is observed in rare cases.
With prolonged therapy (longer than 7 days), the development of reactive hyperemia of the nasal mucosa, its atrophy, tachyphylaxis (a rapid decrease in the therapeutic effect with repeated use) is possible.
There may also be disorders due to the systemic effects of nazol (in the form of heartbeat, high blood pressure, headache, increased anxiety, dizziness, nausea and insomnia).
Without consulting a doctor in the recommended dosage, you can use Nazol for no longer than 3 days.
Avoid contact with eyes.
To avoid the spread of infection, the drug must be used individually.
With the simultaneous use of Nazol with certain drugs, the following effects may occur:
- Tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (including a period of 14 days after their withdrawal): increased blood pressure;
- Other vasoconstrictor drugs: increased risk of side effects;
- Local anesthetic drugs: slowing down their absorption and lengthening action.
Terms and conditions of storage
Store in a dark, dry, out of reach of children at a temperature of 2-25 ° C.
Shelf life - 3 years.