Peppermint (chill, mint cold, English mint) is a perennial herb of the family Gubotsvetnye. It does not grow in the wild, it is cultivated in the Krasnodar Territory and the Voronezh Region of Russia, in the foothills of the North Caucasus, in Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova.
The following biologically active substances were found in the plant:
- Essential oil;
- Resinous and tannins;
- Acids: ascorbic, chlorogenic, ursolic, oleanolic, coffee;
- Neutral saponins;
Found in the seeds of mint fatty oil.
Herbal leaf essential oil contains menthol ethers with valeric and acetic acids, dipentene, α- and β-pinene, geraniol, citral, carvone, cyneol, dihydrocarvone, phellandrene, limonene.
Galenic extracts from peppermint have choleretic, antispasmodic, sedative, analgesic and antiseptic properties, and have a reflex coronary dilating effect. Due to the stimulating effect on the peripheral neuroreceptors of the mucous membranes and skin, as well as the local irritating effect, they increase intestinal motility and capillary circulation.
Herbal medicines based on peppermint improve appetite, increase the secretion of digestive glands, increase bile secretion, have an antispasmodic effect, reducing the tone of the urinary and biliary tract and intestinal smooth muscles.
Due to the presence of menthol, the leaves of the plant have an antiseptic effect. The antimicrobial properties of the herb apply to all types of pathogenic microorganisms that enter the gastrointestinal tract.
It is also established that peppermint has a weak hypotensive effect, but it has no practical value.
Indications for use
Menthol and essential oil are obtained from the leaves and the aerial parts of peppermint, which are used in medicine, as well as in the confectionery, alcoholic beverage and perfume industries.
Preparations based on peppermint are used for meteorism, spasms of the gastrointestinal tract, nausea, and vomiting. As a choleretic plant is recommended for cholelithiasis, cholangitis, cholecystitis and hepatitis.
The medicinal plant is used as a remedy for soothing headache and stimulating cardiac activity in atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, and hypertension.
Peppermint is effective in inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract (runny nose, laryngitis, tracheitis, pharyngitis).
Inside, menthol secreted from peppermint oil is prescribed as a mild reflex vasodilator for diseases involving cerebral vascular spasms and angina pectoris. Menthol and mint preparations are used as sedatives for insomnia, increased excitability and various neurotic conditions.
For migraine, neuralgia and other neurological diseases, it is recommended to rub a 2% alcohol solution or 10% ointment of menthol into the skin and rub the area of the nose bridge and temples with a menthol pencil.
Menthol is a part of various ointments and drops from a cold. It is used in the manufacture of a number of drugs used in diseases that are accompanied by spasm of smooth muscles or spasm of the coronary vessels (for example, Validol, Ingafen, Zelenin drops, Valocordin, Corvalol, Olimethin).
Peppermint is widely used and traditional medicine. Outside and locally, the herb is used for burns, inflammatory skin processes, neuralgia, hoarseness and hoarseness, toothache, gum disease, acne, insect bites, dry skin, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, bronchitis, bronchiectasis; inside - with hepatic and gastrointestinal colic, heartburn, nausea, nervous agitation in the menopausal period, neurotic states, insomnia, heavy menstruation, pulmonary and heart diseases, leukemia, and also as an antitussive and astringent.
- Children age up to 3 years (drugs with menthol in the composition can cause reflex respiratory depression, up to a stop, and collapse);
- Hypotension (due to the risk of lowering blood pressure);
- Varicose veins (mint components reduce the tone of blood vessels, which can lead to an exacerbation of the disease);
- Inflammatory processes in the gallbladder or gastrointestinal tract, abnormal liver function, reduced acidity of the gastric juice;
- Problems of sexual function in men (mint reduces sexual desire);
- Increased drowsiness;
- Insufficiency of the lower esophageal sphincter (mint helps to relax smooth muscles, which leads to the discharge of food from the stomach into the esophagus and heartburn);
- Pregnancy planning;
- Individual sensitivity to mint or its intolerance.
Only after consulting with a doctor and strictly under his control, peppermint drugs can be taken during pregnancy and lactation.
Do not exceed the dose recommended by the doctor, because overdose and uncontrolled administration of mint drugs can lead to insomnia, cause bronchial spasms, pain in the heart.
Peppermint Homemade Drugs
- Broth with soothing, antispasmodic and choleretic action: ½ tbsp. leaves Pour ¼ liter of hot boiled water, heat for 15 minutes in a boiling water bath, stirring constantly, cool and strain, squeeze the raw material. Using warm boiled water to bring the volume to the original. Take ½ cup 2-3 times daily before meals;
- Infusion used for cholelithiasis: 1 tsp. herbs pour 250 ml boiling water, insist for 30 minutes, cool, strain, squeeze out raw materials. Take 15 minutes before meals for ½ cup 3 times a day;
- Infusion from insomnia: 20 g of peppermint leaves pour 500 ml of warm water, for 6 hours to insist, strain, squeeze out the raw materials. Take ½ cup before bedtime;
- Means recommended for women with heavy periods: 20 g of mint pour 500 ml of boiling water, for 2 hours, insist and strain. Drink during the day;
- Broth, used for gastritis: 1 tbsp. leaves pour 1 cup boiling water for 15 minutes, heat on a water bath, cool and strain. Take 1 tbsp. 3-4 times a day;
- Decoction from depression: 1 tbsp. herbs pour 250 ml boiling water, boil for 10 minutes over low heat, cool and strain. Take ½ cup in the morning and evening;
- Infusion for external use: 100 g of mint pour 3 liters of boiling water for 30 minutes. When legs are tired, make baths for 15-20 minutes;
- Infusion of acne: 1 tbsp. peppermint pour 500 ml boiling water, insist 20 minutes, strain. 2-3 times a week to make masks for 20 minutes;
- Broth that helps with dry skin: 2 tbsp. herbs pour 500 ml boiling water, boil for 7-8 minutes over low heat, cool and strain. Wash the broth every morning;
- Infusion, used for leukemia: 10 g of leaves pour 250 ml of boiling water, for 6 hours, insist and strain. Take 1 tbsp. 3 times a day.