Coltsfoot is a plant belonging to the Astrovye family (Compositae), used primarily as an expectorant, disinfectant and anti-inflammatory agent for respiratory diseases. Other popular names of coltsfoot include: geostatus, kamchuzhnaya grass, butterbur, lopushnik, frostbite, mother-grass, stepmother's face, one-sided, pobel, mothernik and even the king potion.
The composition of coltsfoot includes the following biologically active substances:
- Vitamin C;
- Organic acids (malic, gallic, tartaric);
- Traces of essential oil;
- Flavonoids (rutin and hyperoside);
- Bitter glycosides;
- Steroid compounds (taraxanthin, faradiol, arnidpol, stigmasterol).
The main medicinal use of a plant is due to the presence of mucus in its composition, which has an enveloping effect on the mucous membranes of the respiratory organs, thereby protecting them from irritation. In addition, mucus, saponins and organic acids soften and liquefy the thick exudate of the upper respiratory tract, restore the natural movement of the ciliated epithelium in the trachea and bronchi, thereby contributing to the acceleration of inflammation products and facilitate the expectoration of sputum.
Tannins and carotenoids, which are also rich in coltsfoot, have anti-inflammatory effects.
And the essential oil and flavonoids, in turn, have a slight antispasmodic effect.
Indications for use
Galenic (i.e., obtained from plant raw materials by stretching) coltsfoot preparations are used in the treatment of the following diseases:
- Chronic bronchitis;
- Bronchial asthma;
- Whooping cough.
The leaves of maternika are part of the diaphoretic and thoracic collections.
In folk medicine, infusions and decoctions of coltsfoot are used for allergies, exudative diathesis, flu, toothache, malaria, arthritis, inflammatory processes of the oral cavity, myositis, nervous system disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, gastric ulcer, kidney diseases, bladder and heart (including hypertension), general weakness of the body.
Fresh juice mother and stepmother is recommended to bury his nose with a cold.
Outwardly the plant is used for skin diseases, ulcers, boils, burns, mastitis, as well as dandruff and hair loss.
It is believed that a piece of material will help relieve a headache at elevated body temperature: to do this, you just need to attach it to the head with a smooth side.
For inflammation of the veins in the legs, inflammations and boils on the skin, you can make a compress from a decoction of grass or apply fresh, crushed leaves to a sore spot.
In the UK, produce lollipops - Coltsfoot Rock - with a coltsfoot extract, which are used as a cough aid.
A coltsfoot is contraindicated for liver diseases, children under 2 years old, pregnant and lactating women, and women with menstruation delays.
The leaves of the plant contain alkaloids, which negatively affect the liver, so you can not take the preparations of the mother for a long time.
Coltsfoot home remedies
- The coltsfoot tincture used for severe coughing, pneumonia, bronchial catarrh, inflammation of the pharynx, hoarseness, inflammatory diseases of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, and also in the absence of appetite: 4 tsp. crushed dried leaves and flowers pour 1 cup (200 ml) of boiling water, for 30 minutes, insist and strain. The resulting infusion is taken during the day in small sips;
- Collection for the treatment of colds: mix in equal parts the dry leaves of a coltsfoot, grass of a mountaineer bird and black elderberry flowers. 1 tbsp. mix pour a glass of boiling water and drink as tea in small portions;
- Extracts applied by folk medicine for pulmonary tuberculosis: finely chop fresh leaves of the mother, put thin layers in enamelware, pouring sugar, close the lid and put in a cool place for 2 months (you can refrigerate). Take with the addition of honey (for 1 kg extract 500 g of honey) 1 tbsp. 3 times a day. The same extract (without the addition of honey) is given to children with epilepsy.