L-carnitine (levocarnitine) is an amino acid that is directly involved in metabolism. Anabolic, antithyroid, antihypoxic properties are attributed to the drug.
Release form and composition
For the convenience of consumers, levocarnitine is available in the form of tablets and capsules, and in the form of syrup.
Syrup L-carnitine is packed in 100 ml dark bottles. One package of syrup contains up to 10 g of left carnitine. Among the additional ingredients is fructose.
Tablets are packaged in an amount of 10 pieces in a contour cell. They, in turn, are located in cardboard packs of 5, 3, 4 or 6 pieces. One tablet contains 100 or 500 mg of levocarnitine and 30 mg of ascorbic acid.
L-carnitine capsules are packed in polymer bottles of 150 or 60 pieces. One capsule contains 250 or 500 mg of active ingredient.
Indications for use of L-carnitine
According to the instructions for L-carnitine, the drug should be taken with a lack of weight, anorexia, delayed growth and weight in children. For adults, L-carnitine is recommended as an anabolic agent for anorexia nervosa, physical exhaustion, after undergoing surgical interventions, after illnesses, and for ischemic heart disease in a chronic form.
As an element of complex therapy, levocarnitine is used to treat diseases for which nonsteroidal medication is recommended.
Elderly L-carnitine should be taken as a prevention of changes in the brain caused by aging, as well as a means of improving memory, concentration and attention.
According to some reports, L-carnitine is effective for focal scleroderma.
In addition, the drug is widely used as a means of increasing endurance during sports competitions and physical exertion. The use of L-carnitine contributes to a more effective set of muscle mass.
In some cases, the drug is recommended to be taken by vegetarians who do not receive a sufficient amount of left carnitine.
The instructions for L-carnitine are not recommended to take the funds in the presence of individual intolerance to any of its components. Also, taking the drug must be abandoned for pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Method of administration and dosage of L-carnitine
Syrup L-carnitine is intended for oral administration, it is taken regardless of the meal time. It is not recommended to dilute the syrup; if necessary, it is better to drink it with water. The dosage, as well as the duration of the reception, must be determined by the attending physician. Most often, adults are prescribed three doses of L-carnitine, 5 ml each.
Persons exposed to high-intensity physical exertion are prescribed a single dose of left carnitine in the amount of 15 ml. Take the drug should be just before exercise. The course of treatment must be at least 4-6 weeks. Subsequently allowed to repeat the course.
Newborns, as well as children up to 12 months, a single dose of syrup is about 8-20 drops. Children whose age is from 12 months to 6 years are recommended to take from 20 to 28 drops at a time. A single dose for children 6-12 years old is 2.5 ml of syrup. The frequency of admission in this case is 2 or 3 times a day, the treatment should last at least 30 days. The course is repeated after a few weeks, if necessary.
L-carnitine tablets must be swallowed whole, without chewing, drinking water. The dosage is prescribed by the doctor in accordance with the indications and the general condition of the patient. The recommended dosage for adults, as indicated in the instructions for L-carnitine, is from 250 to 500 mg 2 or 3 times a day. A single dose for athletes equals 500-1500 mg of the product. The drug is taken in courses, but not more than six months continuously.
L-carnitine capsules are also swallowed completely, without chewing or splitting. The recommended dosages are the same as for tablets.
Side Effects of L-Carnitine
Usually, against the background of taking left carnitine, undesirable reactions do not occur. In rare cases, people who used the drug have developed dyspepsia, pain in the stomach, allergic reactions.
Patients with uremia should be wary of developing muscle weakness during the use of left carnitine.
If these side effects occur, you should stop taking the medicine and consult your doctor.
The therapeutic effect of levocarnitine is enhanced by lipoic acid and anabolic agents in the case of combined use. L-carnitine is able to accumulate in the tissues of the body while taking it with glucocorticosteroids.
Admission during pregnancy or breastfeeding is undesirable.
Drugs similar in composition and mode of action with L-carnitine: Elkar and Karniten.
Terms and conditions of storage
The drug is stored no more than one year from the date of manufacture in case of compliance with all recommended conditions. Store drugs with left carnitine at room temperature, after the first opening of the bottle, you must use the syrup for two weeks.