Stinging nettle is a perennial herb of the genus Nettle, which is an incredibly valuable drug used in folk and official medicine. Other Russian names: strekava, strakiva, strekuchka, zigalka, zhigachka, strekalka, zhegala, zhchuchka.
- Carotene and its derivatives carotenoids (phytosterone, sitosterol);
- Urticin glycoside;
- Protein substances;
- Silicic acid and its salts;
- Phenolic acids;
- Organic acids (lactic, citric, formic, amber, oxalic);
- Essential oils;
- Hormone secretin;
- Alkaloids (acetylcholine, nicotine, histamine);
- Vitamins (B1, B2, B3, K, ascorbic and pantothenic acids);
- Minerals: salts of barium, potassium and calcium, as well as iron, boron, molybdenum, strontium, selenium, copper, manganese, titanium, nickel.
It should be noted that vitamin C in nettle leaves contains twice as much as in black currant fruit, and provitamin A is more than in carrots.
For medicinal purposes are used mainly nettle leaves, less often - roots and rhizomes. They have the following useful properties:
- Stimulating regeneration;
- Normalizing metabolism;
- Blood purifying;
- Pain reliever;
- Enhancing hematopoiesis (blood formation).
Indications for use
Nettle leaves are used in the form of decoctions, tinctures and alcohol extract, powder is prepared from dry leaves, squeezed juice from fresh leaves.
Long since infusion treated pulmonary, intestinal and hemorrhoidal bleedings. Currently, the liquid extract is used in gynecology to stop uterine bleeding, it helps to normalize the menstrual cycle and reduce blood loss during menstruation. Also, the plant treats anemia (anemia).
In combination with horsetail, yarrow and lungfish nettle is recommended to take nettle to increase blood clotting.
Infusion of nettle increases the overall resistance of the body, therefore, is useful in the treatment of most acute and low-intensity chronic diseases.
According to the data obtained, chlorophyll contained in nettle has a tonic and stimulating effect, increases the tone of the intestine, uterus, respiratory center and cardiovascular system, stimulates epithelization and granulation, which ensures the rapid healing of damaged tissues. In addition, it enhances the basic metabolism, so that the plant is used in the treatment of obesity.
The broth reduces the sugar content in the blood, so it is prescribed to patients with diabetes.
Nettle has a choleretic effect, which allows its use in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gall bladder and liver, including chronic cholecystitis and chronic hepatitis, gastric and duodenal ulcer.
A mixture of leaves and roots / rhizomes of nettle is considered a good remedy for chronic inflammation of the kidneys.
The diuretic effect of the plant is used for pulmonary edema caused by diseases of the urinary system and the heart.
Nettle reduces pain in the joints with rheumatism, increases lactation.
In the form of salads and juices, fresh nettle is recommended to be used to increase the body's defenses, especially in spring, when vitamin deficiency is clearly expressed, and especially to weakened people with chronic diseases or during recovery from an illness or surgery.
The root of the plant, cooked in sugar syrup, is taken by stubborn cough, fresh juice and nettle salads - for bronchopulmonary diseases.
Traditional medicine uses stinging nettle as an antifebrile, carminative, diuretic and blood-purifying, as well as a means of improving blood composition, especially in skin diseases (furunculosis, acne, lichen).
For diseases of the joints, radiculitis, neurological pain and myositis nettle is used as a distracting and irritating agent. Sick spots should be “pressed” with fresh grass 1 every 2-3 days until the pain stops.
Fresh leaves are applied to wounds (both fresh and old), and fistula and ulcer are treated with juice.
Nettle effectively strengthens hair, eliminates dandruff, stops hair loss, helps with skin itching and thrush.
In the form of applications and therapeutic baths, the plant is used as an anti-inflammatory agent for articular rheumatism, hemorrhoids, varicose veins and skin diseases such as eczema, dermatitis and psoriasis.
Nettle leaves are put in borscht, green cabbage soup, fish and meat dishes, scrambled eggs, omelets, roasts, salads, etc., they are harvested, dried, salted and pickled. This is not surprising, since due to its high protein content, in its nutritional value, the plant is close to legumes.
- Increased blood clotting;
- Predisposition to thrombosis;
- Peptic ulcer or 12 duodenal ulcer, occurring simultaneously with hyperacid gastritis;
- Bleeding in women caused by polyps, cysts or other tumors of the uterus or its appendages.
In addition, nettle drugs are undesirable for people with atherosclerosis and hypertension, because they often have an increased blood viscosity.
Nettle Homemade Drugs
- Infusion used for uterine, pulmonary, nasal, hemorrhoidal and clinical bleeding: 15 g of crushed dried leaves pour 1 cup boiling water for 10 minutes to insist, strain and cool. Take 1 tbsp. 4-5 times a day after meals;
- Remedy for chronic inflammation of the kidneys: take 1 tbsp. leaves and roots of nettle, pour 2 cups boiling water and insist for 1-2 hours. Take 1 glass 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening;
- Broth for the treatment of hyperacid gastritis, gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer: 1 tbsp. honey for 1 cup of broth nettle or 1 tbsp. dry nettle per 1 cup of milk. Take 3 times a day for 1/3 cup an hour before meals;
- Broth to strengthen hair and get rid of dandruff: 100 g of crushed leaves pour 0.5 liters of water and 0.5 liters of vinegar, boil and strain for 30 minutes. Broth is necessary to wash your hair before going to bed (without soap).