Claritin is a drug with antipruritic and antihistamine (antiallergic) effects.
Release form and composition
Claritin is produced in the form of:
- Syrup - yellowish or colorless, transparent, without any visible particles, 60 ml or 120 ml in dark glass bottles, 1 bottle in carton packs with a graduated syringe or 5 ml dosing spoon per set;
- The tablets are oval-shaped, white or almost white in color, with a risk mark, an image of the “Cup and flask” trademark and the number “10” on one of the sides, 7 pcs each, 10 pcs. or 15 pcs. in blister packs, 1, 2 or 3 blisters in carton packs.
The composition of 1 tablet includes:
- Active ingredient: loratadine - 10 mg;
- Auxiliary components: lactose monohydrate - 71.3 mg; corn starch - 18 mg; magnesium stearate - 0.7 mg.
The composition of 1 ml of syrup includes:
- Active ingredient: loratadine - 1 mg;
- Auxiliary components: glycerol - 100 mg; propylene glycol - 100 mg; citric acid monohydrate - 9.6 mg (or anhydrous citric acid - 8.78 mg); sodium benzoate - 1 mg; sucrose (granulated) - 600 mg; artificial flavor (peach) - 2.5 mg; purified water - up to 1 ml.
Indications for use
- Allergic conjunctivitis and year-round and seasonal (pollinosis) allergic rhinitis (to eliminate the symptoms associated with these diseases - tearing, rhinorrhea, itching of the nasal mucosa, sneezing, feelings of itching and burning in the eyes);
- Skin diseases of allergic origin;
- Chronic idiopathic urticaria.
- Breastfeeding period (lactation);
- Hypersensitivity to the drug.
Children Klaritin can be used:
- Syrup - from 2 years;
- Tablets - from 3 years.
The drug should not be taken in patients with rare hereditary diseases:
- Syrup - with deficiency of sucrase / isomaltase, fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption;
- Tablets - with impaired tolerance of galactose, lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption.
Pregnant women and patients with severe functional disorders of the liver Claritin can be taken with caution.
Dosing and Administration
Claritin is taken orally, regardless of the meal.
Adults, including elderly patients and adolescents over 12 years old, are recommended to take 10 mg of Claritin (1 tablet or 10 ml of syrup (2 teaspoons)) once a day.
Children 2-12 years of age are shown taking the drug once a day. Dose calculated based on body weight:
- 5 mg - up to 30 kg;
- 10 mg - more than 30 kg.
With severe functional disorders of the liver, the initial daily dose for adults and children weighing 30 kg is 10 mg, up to 30 kg - 5 mg. The drug should be taken every other day.
Elderly patients and patients with chronic renal failure do not require dose adjustment.
Most often, during the treatment of children 2–12 years old, development of headache, nervousness and fatigue was noted.
In adults, violations were observed:
- Nervous system: drowsiness or insomnia, headache;
- Digestive system: increased appetite.
When conducting research in the post-marketing period, in very rare cases, there was a development of disturbances on the part of some body systems:
- Nervous system: fatigue, dizziness;
- Cardiovascular system: tachycardia, palpitations;
- Digestive system: abnormal liver function, dry mouth, gastrointestinal disorders (gastritis, nausea);
- Skin: alopecia;
- Allergic reactions: anaphylaxis, rash.
Reception of Claritin should be stopped two days before skin tests, because it can distort the results of a diagnostic study.
Children 2-3 years old are recommended to use the drug in the form of a syrup.
In very rare cases, some patients experience drowsiness during therapy, which can affect the ability to drive and operate machinery.
Claritin does not enhance the action of ethanol (alcohol) on the central nervous system.
When taken concomitantly with ketoconazole, cimetidine, or erythromycin, an increase in plasma loratadine concentration was noted, but it was not clinically significant, including ECG data.
Terms and conditions of storage
Keep out of reach of children at temperature up to 25 ° C.
The shelf life of the drug in the form of tablets is 4 years, syrup is 3 years.