Calendula (in the people - marigolds, naugadki, crocos full) - an annual plant of the Aster family, subfamily of the flowering plants, characterized by a wide range of medicinal properties.
- Vitamin C;
- Traces of alkaloids;
- Paraffin hydrocarbons (sitosterol and gentriacontan);
- Organic acids (pentadecyl, malic and salicylic);
- Carotenoids (lycopene, carotene, flavochrome, flavoxanthin);
- Triterpenediols (arnidiol, citroxanthin, faraciol, etc.);
- Glycoside cadiloside;
- Essential oil;
- Trace elements, including magnesium, calcium, copper, iron, zinc, selenium, molybdenum.
The most valuable medicinal properties of calendula are:
- Mild sleeping pills;
- Stimulating potency.
In addition, calendula-based products:
- Bind free radicals;
- Normalize heart activity;
- Strengthen the walls of blood vessels;
- Stimulate the cell repair process;
- Eliminate vegetative disorders in menopause.
Indications for use
In folk medicine, calendula has been used for a long time, but the pharmaceutical industry and homeopathy have not bypassed it. Drugs based on it, as monotherapy or as part of a complex therapy, are recommended to be taken almost for any ailment.
Hypotensive and mild sedative effects of calendula are used in the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system, including with heart failure, hypertension, arrhythmias, edema, cardiac neurosis, shortness of breath, heart palpitations. Juice from the leaves and flowers of the plant is considered an effective remedy for stenocardia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, neurosis and menopause.
Inside, the plant tincture / juice is taken for colds, stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers, cholecystitis, duodenitis, enterocolitis, gastritis, gall bladder, kidney and liver diseases (including hepatitis, nephritis, jaundice), an enlarged spleen, circulatory system pathologies. A decoction of inflorescences has long been taken in female diseases, uterine bleeding, and even to prevent miscarriages in pregnant women.
External calendula tincture is used for bruises, abrasions, minor wounds, cuts, burns, furunculosis, bedsores, frostbite, fistula, dermatitis, ringworm, gangrene, eczema, pyoderma, pediatric diathesis, neurodermatosis, etc.
For rinsing tincture is used for inflammation and various diseases of the gums and oral mucosa (for stomatitis, periodontal disease, aphtha, thrush in the mouth, in children, etc.), for inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract (sore throat, pharyngitis, tracheitis, laryngitis).
Eliasms with the addition of decoctions / infusions of calendula effective for anal fissures, inflammation of the rectum, proctitis, paraproctitis and hemorrhoids. A syringing decoction is recommended for cervical erosion, belyah, candidiasis and trichomonas colpitis.
It has been established that spirit tincture of marigold is effective against influenza A, and water infusion inhibits the activity of the herpes virus.
Calendula is prescribed for inflammatory processes in the body, complicated by bacterial microflora. And although its bactericidal action against staphylococci and streptococci is insignificant, it significantly increases the body's resistance.
Calendula reed petals are used to prepare a powder, which in combination with nicotinic acid (vitamin B3) is prescribed in the late stages of gastric cancer as a symptomatic remedy. With iron oxide, this powder is taken for anemia.
The ointment prepared from marigolds can be used as a therapeutic and cosmetic means - it will help in the fight against wrinkles on the face, make the skin on the hands smooth, protect the lips from heat and frost.
Also, calendula, including as an auxiliary drug, is recommended to be used for dizziness, rush of blood to the head, arthritis, rickets, rheumatism, malaria, scrofula, and swelling.
Contraindications to oral administration of decoctions / infusions of calendula:
- Known hypersensitivity to calendula or plants of the family Asteraceae (for example, allergy to chamomile, chrysanthemum or daisy).
Calendula is not recommended to combine with plants that have a sedative effect, because it enhances this effect. Such herbs include celery, chilli pepper, creeping wheat grass, catnip, Siberian ginseng, California poppy, Canadian yellow root, lemon balm, hops, shepherd's purse, valerian, wild lettuce, stinging nettle and wild carrot.
Negative reactions are possible with the combination of calendula with certain medications. In particular, it should not be taken with sedatives and barbiturates.
Before starting the use of marigold, especially people who are prone to allergies and / or are undergoing treatment with any drug, you should always consult with your doctor.
Homemade Calendula Drugs
Calendula water infusion recipe: pour 2 tbsp into enamelware. dried and crushed flowers, pour 1 cup boiling water, cover, put in a water bath and boil for 15 minutes. Cool, strain, squeeze the raw materials and bring to the original volume with boiled water. Store in the refrigerator for no more than 2 days. Take the infusion warm 15 minutes before meals 3-4 times a day for 1-2 tablespoons.
Recipe alcohol tincture of calendula: flowers pour vodka or medical alcohol in the ratio of 1:10, for 10 days, insist in a dark place, periodically shaking the container, drain. Take 1 tsp. Diluted in 1/2 cup of water. Keep refrigerated.
Recipe ointment: grind calendula dry inflorescences in a coffee grinder, melt the lard, mix them in a ratio of 1: 5, put in a water bath and cook until the mass has a uniform consistency, stirring constantly. Keep refrigerated.