Calcium chloride is a drug that has a hemostatic, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effect.
Release form and composition
Forms of calcium chloride:
- 10% solution for on / in the introduction;
- 5% and 10% solutions for oral administration.
The active ingredient of the drug is calcium chloride. His concentration:
- In 1 ml of 10% solution - 100 mg;
- In 1 ml of 5% solution - 50 mg.
Indications for use
- States characterized by enhanced excretion of calcium from the body, incl. prolonged immobilization;
- Lack of function of the parathyroid glands, accompanied by spasmophilia or tetany;
- Skin diseases, including itching, eczema and psoriasis;
- Allergic diseases (hay fever, urticaria, serum sickness, angioedema) and allergic complications as a result of the use of drugs;
- Toxic liver damage;
- Parenchymal hepatitis;
- Bleeding (pulmonary, gastrointestinal, nasal, uterine);
- Diseases accompanied by increased vascular permeability (exudative and inflammatory processes, radiation sickness, hemorrhagic vasculitis);
- Paroxysmal myoplegia in hyperkalemic form;
- Poisonings with fluorides, oxalates and magnesium salts;
- Weakness of labor activity (the drug is used for stimulation).
- Pronounced atherosclerosis;
- Tendency to thrombosis.
Dosing and Administration
Inside the drug is taken after meals 2-3 times a day. Adults are prescribed 10-15 ml of solution (1 dessert or 1 tablespoon), children - 5-10 ml (1 teaspoon or 1 dessert spoon).
Calcium chloride injection solution is administered intravenously:
- Drip - 5-10 ml of solution in 100-200 ml of isotonic NaCl solution or 5% glucose solution with a speed of 6 drops / minute;
- Jet - 5 ml solution for 3-5 minutes.
In the treatment of allergic diseases, antihistamines are also prescribed.
In some cases, when calcium is used, bradycardia occurs.
When taking the drug inside, some patients complain of pain in the epigastric region and heartburn.
With the on / in the introduction of possible sensation of heat in the mouth, and then throughout the body, with a quick introduction - ventricular fibrillation.
The injection solution can not be administered intramuscularly and subcutaneously, because This can lead to severe irritation and even tissue necrosis.
Absorption of calcium from the gastrointestinal tract reduces Kolestiramin.
Calcium chloride is incompatible with salts of monovalent mercury, lead and silver, because when they interact, insoluble chlorides of heavy metals are formed, as well as with sodium barbital, since a poorly soluble barbital calcium salt is formed.
Calcium chloride reduces the effectiveness of calcium channel blockers, enhances the effect of antihistamines.
It is not recommended to use the drug simultaneously with quinidine, because there is a likelihood of slowing intraventricular conduction and increasing the toxicity of quinidine.
Parenteral calcium is not recommended during the period of application of cardiac glycosides, since may enhance their cardiotonic action.
Terms and conditions of storage
Store at a temperature of 15-25 ºС out of the reach of children.
Shelf life - 5 years.