Gentian is a medicinal plant of the gentian family, widely used in official and traditional medicine, homeopathy.
The root of Gentian contains bitterness:
Tannins in the medicinal plant are contained in small quantities. Dyestuffs are isogentsizin and genzin. In addition, unique sugars were found in Gentian - gentianosis (trisaccharide, which is split into glucose and fructose during hydrolysis), gentiobiosis, alkaloids; as well as genciosterol, fatty oils and pectins.
In the medical field, yellow gentian has the greatest value, but other plant species are also used for medicinal purposes.
Useful properties Gentian is used to stimulate appetite, stimulate the secretion of digestive glands. In addition, marked anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties of the plant.
Application of gentian can improve the formation of bile and bile secretion, strengthen heart rate. Infusions and decoctions of the plant are useful for digestive disorders caused by achilia (abnormal composition of gastric juice), as well as anemia, diathesis, and lack of appetite. Assign them as a general tonic to patients who are in the rehabilitation period after complex operations.
Gentian seeds, flowers and root are widely used to strengthen vitality, cure scurvy, arthritis, constipation, jaundice, flatulence, diseases of the spleen, as well as to stimulate the activity of the liver and gall bladder.
Raw materials are collected in the fall or spring, it is desirable that the age of the plant is at least 4-5 years (subject to growing in natural conditions), and 5-6 (when growing on plantations). The roots should not be dried for a long time, because of this, the healing properties of gentian can be lost. Ready-made raw materials are not recommended to be stored longer than five years in cool and dry rooms.
Indications for use
Application of Gentian is shown as a tonic for:
- Loss of appetite;
- Stomach pains;
- Intestinal lethargy.
In folk medicine, Gentian's properties are used to treat diseases of the stomach, gallbladder and liver, as well as for gout and rheumatism. The plant since ancient times is known as one of the best medicines for gastric diseases. Whatever gravity may be felt in the stomach, it is effectively eliminated by the Gentian.
The plant is used in the following dosage forms:
- In the form of gelatin capsules and tablets - 1-4 pieces before lunch and dinner;
- In the form of alcohol tincture - 30 drops, diluted in a glass of water, after lunch or dinner;
- In the form of medical wine, solution or syrup for drinking - 4 tablespoons before lunch or dinner, as well as infusions, powder and decoctions.
Despite the fact that the plant is not poisonous, the application of Gentian may cause the development of such an undesirable side effect such as headache. It is caused by the development of an allergic reaction to the bitterness contained in the plant. People with such reactions are advised to avoid any bitter or bitter-aromatic plants, including Gentian.
In addition, Gentian is contraindicated for use in:
- Gastric or duodenal ulcer;
- High blood pressure.
Homemade medicines from Gentian
Yellow Gentian Root Tea Recipe: 1 teaspoon chopped plant root should be filled with 0.25 liters of water and boiled for several minutes. Tea is recommended to drink in the form of heat before each meal.
There is another way of making tea from Gentian, in which the final product contains less bitterness and does not contain tannins, and, therefore, is characterized by a milder effect. To prepare such a tea, it is necessary to infuse 1 teaspoon of Gentian root in 0.25 liters of water for 8-10 hours.
Powder from Gentian: the people dried plant root is ground into powder, mixed in equal proportions with the powder of pharmacy chamomile flowers and sprinkled on the final product purulent wounds. Also, Gentian powder can be consumed inside: three times a day 30 minutes before meals at the tip of a knife. It will be especially useful for sluggish digestion and lack of appetite.
- Take 1 tablespoon of dried, shredded plant roots, pour 0.5 liters of boiled cold water, and leave overnight. In the morning, strain and take half a cup twice a day, half an hour before meals, for biliary dyskinesia;
- Half a teaspoon of the dry roots of the plant pour two cups of cold boiled water and infuse for 8 hours. Strain and take half a cup four times a day for half an hour before meals;
- 1 tablespoon of roots pour a glass of boiling water and leave for two hours, strain and drink 1-2 tablespoons of infusion 3 or 4 times a day before each meal.
Tincture alcohol Gentiles:
- 50 g of root pour 0.5 liters of vodka and insist for 8 days. The tincture is taken in 30-40 drops, diluted in 6 tablespoons of water, three times a day before each meal;
- 50 g of Gentian root pour 0.5 liters of strong wine and insist 21 days. Take 30-40 drops with persistent heartburn and poor appetite.
- 1 tablespoon of dry roots of Gentian boil in 1 cup of water, cool and strain. Application Gentian: 1 tablespoon three times a day for half an hour before meals as a means of stimulating the appetite;
- 3 teaspoons of the roots of the plant to boil for some time in 3 cups of water, strain, cool. Take three times a day for half an hour before eating gout.
Also, Gentian decoction is used externally in the treatment of highly festering wounds and excessive sweating of the feet.