The highlander bird is a grassy annual of the buckwheat family. His other names are ant, sparrow tongues, ostridnik, knotweed.
Sporish stems are thin, strong, articulated, creeping, branching from the very base, resistant to trampling. The root is thin rod. The leaves are small elliptical. Small white-green flowers are collected by 2-5 in the sinuses formed by the leaves. The fruit of the bird mountaineer is a small trihedral matt nut of dark brown (almost black) color.
The plant is extremely unpretentious and well acclimatized in any conditions. You can see it along the roads, in gardens, in forest plantations, on the banks of reservoirs, in courtyards and on waste grounds. On well-fertilized soils the bird mountaineer grows very strongly, suppressing other plants and forming a solid carpet.
The properties of the highlander bird are due to the chemical composition of the plant in which the following are present:
- Essential oil;
- Organic acids (including chlorogenic, gallic, caffeic, p-coumarinic);
- Vegetable pigments;
- Fructose, glucose and sucrose;
- Flavonol glycoside avikularin;
- Silicic acid compounds;
- Anthraquinones (in roots);
- Vitamins (C, E, K);
- Flavonols (myricetin, hyperin, kaempferol);
- Micro and macro elements.
The most valuable properties of the highlander bird are:
- Wound healing;
In addition, the knotweed moderately reduces blood pressure and normalizes metabolism (the plant is one of the best regulators of metabolic processes, including lipid), increases the rate of blood clotting, prevents crystallization of mineral salts in the urinary tract, stimulates the excretion of chlorine and sodium, increases the activity of the immune system.
In traditional and traditional medicine, the aerial part of the plant is used. During the flowering period, when the shoots are still young and soft, the knotweed is carefully cut with a knife under the root, cleaned of yellow and damaged leaves, separated from impurities and, spread out in a thin layer, dried in a well ventilated, darkened place (for example, in the attic or in the shade under canopy). Store it in linen bags or paper-lined boxes. The finished medicinal raw materials are suitable for use within 3 years.
Indications for use
The use of the mountaineer bird is indicated for diseases of the bladder, liver, kidneys (in particular, in case of kidney stones and renal colic), inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract (especially in catarrh of the stomach), ahilia or hyperchilia, for all types of gastritis, diarrhea, peptic ulcer , edema, pulmonary tuberculosis, malaria, nervous exhaustion, uterine bleeding (if caused by uterine atony), intestinal and hemorrhoidal bleeding, in the early stages of urolithiasis, in disorders of metabolism substances as well as the recovery period after diseases (preparations ostudnika taken as tonic).
It is also considered advisable to use the highlander bird in catarrh of the bladder (even in cases when it is chronic) and diseases that are caused by a delay in the body of toxic metabolic products.
As an external remedy decoction and knotweed infusions effectively help with dermatological diseases (including boils, dermatitis and acne), as well as ulcers, bruises and wounds.
The bird-mountaineer infused with boiling water and infused for an hour is an effective remedy for gum disease. The medicine is used for rinsing.
Knotweed drugs are contraindicated for people with increased blood clotting and pregnant women.
The properties of the highlander bird are largely due to its constituent compounds of silicic acid, but because of their high content, preparations based on this plant are not prescribed for acute diseases of the bladder and kidneys.
Homemade Bird Highlander Medicines
To prepare the infusion from the grass of a bird's mountaineer, 3 tablespoons of crushed medicinal raw materials is poured 0.5 liters of boiling water and put for 15 minutes in a water bath (over low heat). Insist for 3-4 hours under the lid and drain.
Also, the infusion can be prepared, pouring a similar amount of dry grass with half-liter boiling water in a thermos and infusing the medicine overnight.
Take the infusion three times a day for about half an hour before meals for 1/2 cup. The use of the highlander bird in the specified dosage form is indicated for urolithiasis, liver and gall bladder diseases, intestinal inflammation, gastritis. The full course of treatment is from 30 to 40 days.
Infusion can be used as an external agent. In case of excessive hair loss, it is recommended to use it as a rinse after each shampooing. A full course involves 20 procedures.
To make a decoction of a knotweed, a tablespoon of dry grass is poured with 500 ml of hot water, boiled for 10 minutes, then cooled and filtered. The finished medicine is taken in half a glass 3 or 4 times a day. Indications for use are inflammations of the digestive tract, liver, gallbladder and biliary tract, as well as dysentery.
For diseases of the respiratory tract (including whooping cough and pulmonary tuberculosis), a tablespoon of bird highlander is poured 200 ml of boiling water, put for 10 minutes in a water bath, infused for 1-2 hours and taken in a tablespoon 3 or 4 times a day.
To prepare an ointment from the grass of a highlander, 100 grams of chopped grass is filled with 0.4 liters of vegetable oil and infused for 10 days. After filtering the product is used to treat ulcers, skin diseases and wounds.