Glutamic acid is a drug to improve brain metabolism. Normalizing the metabolism, the drug improves the functioning of the nervous and endocrine systems, increases the body's resistance to oxygen deficiency (hypoxia).
Release form and composition
Glutamic acid is available in the form of tablets with the same main active ingredient.
As the excipients in the preparation are used: potato starch, talc, calcium stearate, acetylphthalate, gelatin, cellulose.
Glutamic acid tablets are available in blisters of 20 and 40 pieces.
Indications for use
According to the instructions, glutamic acid is used for:
- Epilepsy (more with small seizures);
- Psychosis of various etiologies;
- Reactive conditions that occur with exhaustion and depression;
- Toxic neuropathy during therapy with isonicotinic acid hydrazides (simultaneously with pyridoxine and thiamine);
- The effects of encephalitis and meningitis;
- Hepatic coma.
And also in pediatric practice with:
- Mental retardation;
- The effects of generic intracranial injury;
- Cerebral palsy;
- Poliomyelitis (acute and recovery periods);
- Down's disease.
According to the instructions, glutamic acid is not used when:
- The presence of a patient's hypersensitivity to the components of the drug;
- Nephrotic syndrome;
- Hepatic and renal failure;
- Diseases of the hematopoietic system;
- Peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum;
- Strong psychotic reactions;
- Increased excitability.
Dosing and Administration
Glutamic acid tablets are intended for oral administration. They are taken 15-30 minutes before meals. With dyspepsia, you can take the drug during a meal or after a meal.
Glutamic Acid Dosage:
- Adults and children over 10 years old - 2-3 times a day, 1 g;
- Children up to 12 months - 2-3 times a day, 100 mg;
- Children 1-2 years old - 2-3 times a day, 150 mg;
- Children 3-4 years - 3-4 times a day, 250 mg;
- Children 5-6 years old - 2-3 times a day, 40 mg;
- Children 7-9 years old - 2-3 times a day, 0.5-1 g;
- With oligophrenia - 100-200 mg per kilogram of weight.
The duration of use of glutamic acid ranges from 1-2 months to 6-12 months.
When using glutamic acid, side reactions may occur in the form of:
- Increased excitability;
- Stomach ache;
- Allergic reactions;
- Short-term rise in body temperature;
- Anemia, cracks in the lips, leukopenia, irritation of the oral mucosa (with prolonged use of the drug).
When using glutamic acid, it should be borne in mind that:
- During drug therapy, it is necessary to regularly perform general clinical analyzes of urine and blood;
- If you experience side effects, you must stop taking the drug and contact your doctor;
- The drug is carefully prescribed for liver diseases;
- In pregnancy, the drug can be prescribed only when the benefits of its use are higher than the risk to the health of the fetus;
- If necessary, taking the drug during lactation breastfeeding is stopped.
Structural analogue of Glutamic acid are drugs: Epilapton, Glutamic acid, L-Glutamic acid.
Terms and conditions of storage
Glutamic acid is stored in places not accessible to children, at a temperature of not more than 25 ° not more than three years.