Glycodine is a combined antitussive drug, which also has a expectorant effect.
Release form and composition
Glycodin syrup is made - a brown liquid with a sweet taste and a characteristic odor. The following active ingredients are contained in 5 ml of syrup:
- 10 mg of terpine hydrate;
- 10 mg of dextromethorphan hydrobromide;
- 3.75 mg of levomenthol.
Auxiliary components of the drug are sodium propyl parahydroxybenzoate, methyl parahydroxybenzoate, glycerol, citric acid monohydrate, sodium saccharinate, propylene glycol, alum, water, purified silicon, caramel.
In glass bottles of 50 or 100 ml.
Indications for use
According to the instructions, Glycodine is indicated for use in:
- Chronic and acute diseases of various etiologies, accompanied by unproductive severe cough;
- Symptoms of acute rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, laryngitis;
- Cough of various etiologies;
- Cough syndrome in the period after surgery, in particular, after interventions on the abdominal cavity.
According to the instructions, Glycodine is prohibited for use in the following cases:
- Period of pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- Children's age up to 1 year;
- Hypersensitivity to the active or auxiliary components of the drug;
- Bronchial asthma.
With caution Glycodin prescribed for severe violations of the liver.
Dosing and Administration
Glycodine syrup is applied inside. Dosages depend on the age of the patient:
- 1-3 years - a quarter measuring spoon up to three times a day;
- 4-6 years - a quarter measuring spoon up to four times a day;
- 7-14 years - half a measuring spoon up to four times a day;
- Older than 14 years old and adults - one scoop up to four times a day.
On average, the duration of drug therapy is 3-4 days, however, it is possible to use Glycodine for one week, depending on the origin, severity and nature of cough.
Glycodine use is predominantly positively tolerated by patients. Side effects are rare. Even in severe cases of bronchitis, provided that the recommended dosage was exceeded and the duration of treatment was doubled, many patients did not develop side effects.
The most common adverse reactions are dizziness, itching, nausea, urticaria, and drowsiness.
In the case of prolonged treatment with glycodine in excessive doses, overdose symptoms may develop: respiratory depression, agitation, dyspepsia, tachycardia, arterial hypotension, dizziness.
If symptoms of overdose occur, symptomatic treatment is recommended. A specific antidote is the drug Naloxone, which can be used with an overdose of 100 or more times.
The use of glycodine is not addictive.
During medication, the patient's sweat and urine may acquire a specific odor. It is caused by the terpine hydrate which is part of the preparation.
Combining Glycodine with MAO inhibitors is not recommended, as the possibility of drug interaction of dextromethorphan with these drugs is not excluded.
Children aged 1-3 years Glycodin prescribed only under medical supervision, the dosing regimen - an individual, depending on the severity and nature of cough.
Since Glycodine treatment can cause drowsiness, patients should be wary of managing potentially dangerous mechanisms that require increased concentration.
Structural analogues of glycodine and drugs that have similar pharmacological effects are:
- Aurora Hot Sip;
- Gripocytron Forte;
- Coldact Flu Plus;
- Rinza Hotsip;
Terms and conditions of storage
According to the instructions, Glycodine should be stored in a dry, dark, cool, out of reach of children. The shelf life of the drug is 3 years from the date of manufacture.
And pharmacies Glycodin dispensed without a prescription.