The medicinal plant clover is a biennial of the legume family, which is also often called wild buckwheat, ground grass or burkun.
The biological value and beneficial properties of the sweet clover are determined by the presence of coumarin in it - a fragrant, camphor-like substance, which is formed from glycosides and is characterized by the ability to inhibit the central nervous system and arrest spasms.
In addition to coumarin, in the plant were found:
- Tanning and fat-like substances (about 4.3%);
- Coumaric, ascorbic and melilotoic acids;
- Purine derivatives;
- Protein (about 17.6%);
- Protein (up to 21%);
- Cellulose (up to 25%);
- Essential oil (approximately 0.01%);
- Choline derivatives;
- Glucoside melotozid.
Dicoumarin was found in decaying raw materials from the grass of clover - a substance that prevents blood from clotting (coagulating).
Thanks to coumarin, which is part of the plant, preparations of the medicinal clover help to lower blood pressure, increase the strength of contractions of the myocardium and cardiac output, improve blood supply to the brain, heart muscle and abdominal organs, reduce puffiness and suppress the inflammatory process.
In addition, substances contained in the grass act as biogenic stimulants: in the course of research it was found that the use of a messenger in the form of an aqueous extract can prolong the life of experimental rats, block the toxic effect of strychnine after its introduction in high doses. Against the background of treatment with clover preparations in experimental rodents, there is also an increase in the number of leukocytes (mainly due to granulocytes and to a somewhat lesser extent due to lymphocytes) and an increase in their phagocytic activity.
For medicine, the most valuable properties of clover are antibacterial, antispasmodic, astringent, expectorant, diuretic, analgesic, sedative, diuretic, fibrinolytic, anticoagulant, hypotensive, carminative, soothing.
However, the use of clover is not limited only to the medical field. The leaves of the plant are used as a flavoring agent in the meat, tobacco, dairy and fish industries, in the manufacture of soft drinks, liqueurs, wines and tinctures, green cheese. Harvested in the form of a silo, the plant serves as food for farm animals (at the same time it is not inferior in nutritional value to alfalfa). In addition, the chemical composition and properties of clover can be used in perfumery.
Indications for use
In traditional medicine, clover preparations are indicated for convulsions, thrombosis of coronary vessels (myocardial vessels), coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.
Properties clover allow its use in hysteria, migraine, insomnia, cardiospasm, disorders of the menstrual cycle and pathological climax, increased nervous irritability, melancholy, neurasthenia, edema, pain in the bladder and bowel, cystitis, flatulence, stomach diseases, hypertension, thrombophlebitis, atherosclerosis. Clover preparations have proven to be an effective expectorant for colds.
The grass is often added to the composition of various emollient fees and is used to prepare a green patch (corn and blister). Donnic plaster is effective for skin diseases that are accompanied by purulent and inflammatory processes.
Ointment prepared on the basis of the flowers of the plant, decoction and tincture of clover in folk medicine have been used as a means of external therapy for mastitis, furunculosis, purulent wounds and otitis. The same decoctions and infusions are used as a distracting, cleansing, irritant, anti-inflammatory and emollient for rheumatic polyarthritis, malignant tumors, abscesses, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, herpes and furunculosis. Apply them in the form of lotions, compresses, poultices and washing, add to the healing bath.
There is evidence that Chinese doctors use clover in the treatment of epidemic encephalitis.
Young green plants are often used in cooking okroshka, salads and soups, dried leaves and inflorescences - as a spice for salads, soups and stewed fruit.
Sweet clover honey treats mastitis and alleviates the condition of the patient with arthritis and arthrosis.
The use of clover is contraindicated in persons with individual intolerance to this plant, in case of kidney disease, impaired hemocoagulation, tendency to bradycardia and hemorrhagic vasculitis. Also, do not take orally funds from clover during pregnancy.
An overdose of this plant can cause nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, increased drowsiness. In severe cases, possible damage to the liver, hemorrhages (in the internal organs, muscle tissue, under the skin), paralysis of the central nervous system.
It is dangerous to take clover drugs at the same time with drugs that help to reduce blood clotting.
When used in large doses, the plant is poisonous.
Homemade medicine from clover
To prepare the clover infusion, you need to pour 2 tablespoons of medicinal raw materials with two cups of boiling water and leave for 5-6 hours.
To stimulate lactation, it is recommended to pour 2 teaspoons of clover 1/2 cup of boiling water and infuse the grass for 4 hours. The resulting amount of infusion is divided into three steps. Take the drug for half an hour before meals.
To prepare the ointment from the clover, 2 tablespoons of dried flowers need to be ground to a powder and mixed with 50 grams of vaseline. Ointment can treat wounds, cuts, carbuncles, etc.
Another ointment recipe: mix 50 g of pounded fresh flowers with 3 tablespoons of butter. Such an ointment well pulls out the boils and quickly relieves inflammation.
When articular pains grass clover steamed, placed in a bag and every day for 10 days in a row for 15-20 minutes applied to painful places.