Aronia is a black chokeberry (chernoplodka or black rowan), a shrub whose fruits have many beneficial properties. Its berries have a rich vitamin and mineral composition, thanks to which the black wolf is widely used in folk medicine.
Aronia is a perennial shrub reaching 2.5 m in height. The leaves of the plant are elliptical, white flowers are collected in corymbose inflorescences. The fruits of black rowan are round black in color, have 8 brown seeds and are collected in clusters. The flowering process takes place in June and July, and the fruits ripen by September. Aronia berries are used not only in medicine, but also in cooking, they are used to make jams, jams and compotes. Juice is the basis for food coloring, used in the confectionery industry.
The beneficial properties of chokeberry are explained by the rich chemical composition of the berries. They contain a large amount of vitamins, provitaminic substances and minerals:
- Ascorbic acid;
- Beta carotene;
- Vitamins B1, B2, B6, PP, P, E, K;
- Organic acids (folic and nicotinic acid);
- Manganese, cobalt, copper, iodine, magnesium, potassium, iron, calcium, chromium, lead, selenium, nickel, aluminum, boron;
The beneficial properties of chokeberry allow it to be used in various diseases. Berries can be consumed in fresh, frozen or processed form, it perfectly retains its healing qualities.
Aronia has a positive effect on blood, improving its composition, cleansing from cholesterol, promoting blood formation and preventing anemia. It should be borne in mind that the use of chokeberry thickens the blood, which is useful in case of poor blood clotting, but can also be harmful if the person has blood and so is thick. Tannins and pectin, which are part of chokeberry, cleanse the intestines from toxins, heavy metals and toxins.
The fruits of black rowan strengthen the walls of blood vessels, reduce their permeability and improve elasticity. Therefore, the beneficial properties of chokeberry are so important for the heart - regular use allows you to improve the cardiovascular system, to normalize blood pressure. Due to the high content of iodine, the black apple has a beneficial effect on the work of the entire endocrine system and the thyroid gland.
The use of chokeberry is also useful for digestion, the berries increase the acidity of the gastric juice, accelerate the choleretic process, remove the spasms of smooth muscles of the abdomen. The abundance of vitamins allows you to increase the level of the human immune system, with regular use of berries, the body's defenses increase, it becomes more resistant to infections and viruses, the healing process goes faster.
Indications for use
Aronia is indicated for allergies and diabetics. She also enters the diet of all who watch their figure. The berries have a low calorie content - about 55 kcal per 100 g, but the high content of anthocyanins allows you to suppress the feeling of hunger.
Aronia berries are recommended for hypertension stage 1 and 2, for atherosclerosis, bleeding of any origin. The use of chokeberry is indicated in hemorrhagic diathesis, irradiation, thyrotoxicosis, cybilarotoxicosis, as a multivitamin remedy, in glomerulonephritis. An infusion of plant leaves will help improve liver function. The juice from the berries is used in gastritis with low acidity, it also helps to cope with emotional instability and arousal.
Aronia contains a large number of anthocyanins, so its use will help slow down the growth of cancer cells, and Aronia berries form part of the oncology diet. Also the black apple has a vasodilator, antispasmodic, diuretic effect.
Aronia contains a large amount of organic acids, which increases the acidity of gastric juice, so its use is contraindicated in gastritis with increased secretory function. You should also not use it hypotonia, ulcers, patients with thrombophlebitis, thrombosis and increased blood clotting.
Homemade Medicines from Aronia
Fresh or processed aronia can be included in any healthy diet - 300 g of berries per day are excellent prevention of heart and vascular diseases. Diabetics are shown to take a decoction of berries (1 tablespoon of berries per cup of boiling water, leave for half an hour, drink 2-3 teaspoons three times a day).
In the treatment of hypertension, it is necessary to drink 50 ml of fresh juice of berries mixed with a teaspoon of honey, the course of such treatment is 45 days. Also, hypertensive patients can eat 100 g of berries every day half an hour before meals for 10 days.
In the period of seasonal colds, you can make the following decoction: 2 tablespoons of dried aroniya berries pour water, boil for 5 minutes and insist 6 hours. Add honey to the decoction and take it three times a day. The effect of any product from chokeberry will increase if you take vitamin C at the same time. It can be either pharmaceutical preparations or rosehip decoction or black currant berries.