Mountain arnica belongs to the plants of the Astrov family. This is a plant with a thick rhizome, a straight stalk, reaching up to 20-60 cm in height, and with one or two pairs of small leaves growing from opposite sides. The flowers are large bright yellow. The flowering process takes place in June-July. Arnica grows in open areas in glades and meadows at an altitude of 500 m above sea level. Growing geography - Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania. In medicine, flowers are used (most often), leaves and roots of a plant. Arnica has choleretic, antispasmodic and cholekinetic effects.
The composition of the flowers Arnica includes:
- Essential oils;
- Coloring matter (lutein, arnitsin);
- Vitamin C;
- Polyphenol compounds.
The root contains:
- Essential oils;
- Sulfur compounds;
- Organic acids (formic, isobutyric acid, angelic acid).
Useful properties of Arnica are widely used in traditional medicine. The flowers of the plant have a stimulating and tonic effect on the central nervous system, and the use of Arnica in large doses - sedative. Drugs created from the roots, normalize the power of the heart muscle, increase the amplitude of its contractions, dilate blood vessels. Useful properties of Arnica are used in obstetric-gynecological practice - the plant has a hemostatic effect that helps to cope with post-birth metrorrhagia and inflammatory effects of the reproductive system after miscarriage. The presence in Arnica of a significant amount of flavonoids helps to fight spastic colitis caused by atony of the large intestine.
Indications for use
The scope of Arnica is very wide. Alcoholic and aqueous infusions of the plant are used for bleeding, muscle pain, for bone fractures, dislocations of joints, for convulsions, paralysis, as well as for flu, atherosclerosis, gastrointestinal diseases and inflammation of the veins. Infusions heal wounds and relieve inflammation.
Decoction of Arnica flowers is an excellent remedy for worms and is used to treat enterobiosis. It is also used in bloody diarrhea, bronchitis, gout, epilepsy and pancreatic diseases. Root decoction has a stimulating effect on the cardiovascular system, dilates blood vessels. Arnica has choleretic properties and reduces cholesterol in the blood. Water infusion is used for poultices and compresses against boils, abrasions, cuts, rashes on the face and lips, with rheumatism, burns, hematomas and frostbite.
The unique properties of Arnica make it possible to use this plant for the treatment of myocarditis, hypertension, heart failure, sclerosis, angina pectoris, thrombophlebitis, preparations based on it include the composition of complex therapy for recovery of patients after heart attack and stroke.
In dentistry, Arnica is used to relieve inflammation in the mouth and throat. Rinsing decoction helps to improve blood circulation and increase the resistance of the mucous membrane.
The use of Arnica is contraindicated in case of individual intolerance and with increased blood clotting. Arnica is a poisonous plant, therefore it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage. In case of an overdose, the patient has nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea, chills, sweating, abdominal pain, shortness of breath. In severe cases, there may be a violation of the activity of the cardiovascular system. If you suspect an overdose, you should immediately consult a doctor. With external use of arnica may cause allergies, itching, redness.
Homemade Arnica Medicines
When preparing tinctures from Arnica, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage, because the plant is poisonous. In the treatment of angina, hypertensive heart disease, cardiosclerosis, myocarditis, 1 tablespoon of dried flowers is poured with two cups of water and infused for two hours. The filtered preparation is taken in 1 tablespoon three times a day before meals. The infusion must be stored in a dark place for two days. The same tool can gargle the throat and oral cavity for inflammation or use the tool as lotions and compresses.
For the preparation of an alcohol solution, arnica flowers are mixed with an alcohol solution of 30% in equal proportions. The liquid is infused for 14 days, then filtered. Alcohol infusion is used for intestinal and gastric cramps, as well as for edema. 20 drops of tincture drip on sugar or diluted in water and taken three times a day.
With stones in the kidneys and bladder, the following decoction will help: chopped leaves of arnica, bearberry, horsetail (10 g of each plant) are poured with a liter of water and boiled for seven minutes. The resulting broth must insist for three hours, then strain. Take half a glass three times a day between meals.