Vaccine used to produce immunity against rabies.
Release form and composition
Lyophilisate is made to prepare a solution for intramuscular administration. 1 dose (1 ml) contains the active substance: specific antigen of the rabies virus Vnukovo-32 - 2.5 IU.
Auxiliary components of the drug are: sucrose, human albumin, gelatin.
In 1 ml ampoules complete with a solvent (water for injection).
Indications for use
According to the instructions, rabies vaccine is used for treatment-and-prophylactic and prophylactic immunization of a person against the rabies virus:
- Contact and bites of people with rabid animals, animals with suspected rabies, unknown or wild animals;
- Persons with an increased risk of rabies infection (veterinary workers, laboratory workers who work with the rabies virus, foresters, hunters, people working on animal catch, etc.).
Rabies vaccine should not be used for:
- Systemic allergic reactions to prior administration of the Rabies vaccine (angioedema, hemorrhagic rash);
- Acute infectious and non-infectious diseases, chronic diseases in the acute stage (it is recommended to carry out vaccinations within 1 month after remission);
- Allergies to antibiotics.
In the case of vaccine with a therapeutic and prophylactic purpose (after contact of the patient with an infected rabies virus), pregnancy is not a contraindication.
Dosing and Administration
Before using the Rabies vaccine, the contents of the ampoule must be dissolved in 1 ml of water for injection. Dissolution time should not exceed 5 minutes. When dissolved, the vaccine is a colorless transparent liquid.
The rabies vaccine is slowly introduced into the intramuscular deltoid muscle of the shoulder. For children under 5 years of age, the injection site is the upper part of the anterolateral surface of the thigh.
Prophylactic immunization is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Primary immunization - vaccination at 0, 7 and 30 days at a dose of 1 ml;
- The first revaccination in a year - a single vaccination at a dose of 1 ml;
- Subsequent revaccination every three years - single vaccination 1 ml.
Administration of rabies vaccine may be accompanied by local or general reactions.
Local reactions are characterized by:
- Slight swelling;
- Enlarged regional lymph nodes;
- Soreness at the injection site.
General reactions can manifest as:
- Increased body temperature.
When the above side effects occur, it is recommended to carry out symptomatic treatment using antihistamine and hyposensitizing drugs.
In rare cases, neurological symptoms may occur as a result of the use of the Anti-Rabies vaccine, which require the immediate hospitalization of the patient.
You can not enter the vaccine in the gluteal region!
If the ampoules of the drug have impaired integrity or labeling, expired shelf life, altered or turbid color, the drug is not suitable for use.
Do not store dissolved vaccine for more than 5 minutes.
After vaccination, the patient should be under the supervision of doctors for half an hour. In the study where vaccination is carried out, drugs must be present for anti-shock therapy.
Structural analogues of the Rabies vaccine are:
Terms and conditions of storage
According to the instructions, anti-rabies vaccine from pharmacies prescription. Shelf life is 17 months, subject to proper storage.