Althaea is used for the manufacture of drugs and home medicines against diseases of the throat, oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract. It helps to get rid of diarrhea, cough, stomach pain, inflammation of the genitourinary system.
Althaea is a very common plant of the family Malvaceae, which is widely used in medicine. In nature, there are about twenty varieties of this plant, but for the manufacture of medicines used only Altea medicinal. In another it is called dog mug, wild rose, mallow, kalachikami, etc. For the preparation of medicines and in folk medicine the root, flowers and leaves of Althea are used. Harvest them in the second year of the plant.
The composition of the leaves of Althea medicinal include:
- Essential oils;
- Vitamin C;
- Mucous substance
The root contains pectins, fatty oils, vitamins, phytosterol, rutin and a mucous substance, which is the main wealth of Althea. It is mucus that has analgesic, expectorant and anti-inflammatory effects.
Useful properties of Althea
In folk and traditional medicine, the useful properties of Althea are widely used. According to its chemical composition, the mucus contained in the plant is very close to flax seeds. When it enters the human body, it settles on the mucous membranes and stays on them long enough, preventing them from irritation. Therefore, damaged tissue is restored faster, and inflammation disappears. Also, mucus facilitates the process of expectoration.
For the treatment of diseases of the stomach and intestines, Althea infusion should be taken in large quantities so that it more effectively envelops the gastric mucosa. The higher the acidity level of the gastric juice, the longer the effect of the use of Althea will last.
Indications for use Althea
The use of Althea has proven its effectiveness against diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Altea in the form of syrup is widely distributed in pediatrics. This is an excellent remedy for cough, absolutely non-toxic.
Due to the high content of mucus and beneficial properties of Althea, the plant is used to combat respiratory diseases:
- Bronchial asthma;
- A stomach ulcer.
Althea has virtually no contraindications and side effects. In rare cases, the occurrence of an allergic reaction in the form of pruritus and redness of the skin. Cases of overdose of the drug was also not detected. Pregnant women can use marshmallow only after consulting a doctor.
Homemade medicines from Althea
From the dried root of the plant, an infusion is prepared; for this, two teaspoons of crushed althea are poured over 200 ml of cold water, drawn for half an hour, and then filtered. Before use, the infusion should be slightly warmed up and drunk in small sips. From Althea in any form can not make broths, if you bring it to a boil, all the starch contained in it, will turn into a paste. To prepare the infusion for gargling, the altars must be filled with hot water and brewed for 10 minutes. For diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the drink is taken without additives, for the treatment of throat infusion is recommended to add a teaspoon of honey.
Althea syrup can be purchased at the pharmacy in ready-made form or you can do it yourself. Best of all, homemade syrup is combined with aniseed drops, such a tool is excellent in helping to fight bronchitis with strong coughing attacks. For its preparation, it is necessary to cut the fresh root of a large plant, take 2 g, pour 1 g of wine alcohol and 45 g of distilled water. Make a suspension by folding the ingredients in cheesecloth and hanging over any container. The liquid that flows from the suspension should be collected and re-fill it with the root. It is necessary to continue the procedure within one hour. Add sugar to the composition as follows: 63 g sugar per 37 g liquid. Heat the syrup on the stove until sugar is completely dissolved. The use of Althea in the form of a syrup is indicated for children over 12 and adults and 1 teaspoonful 4-5 times a day. Children from 6 to 12 years old are prescribed a teaspoon 3 times a day, and babies under 6 years old half a teaspoon 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 10-15 days. Before use, the syrup can be diluted in a small amount of water.
Use the beneficial properties of Althea and to heal wounds and abrasions. To do this, boil the leaves of the plant and wipe the damaged areas with a decoction. Cold decoction is also used for inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes. From severe pain in the throat will help chewing fresh Althea root.