Alpizarin - antiviral drug of plant origin.
Release form and composition
Available in the form of the drug:
- Tablets for oral administration, each of which contains 100 mg of tetrahydroxy glucopyranosylxanten;
- 2% and 5% ointment for external use, in 100 g of which contains 2 g and 5 g of tetrahydroxy glucopyranosylxanten, respectively.
The tablets are packaged in a blister pack and sold in 10, 20 or 30 pcs., Ointment in aluminum tubes of 5, 10 or 20 g.
Indications for use Alpizarina
As indicated in the instructions for Alpizarin, this drug is intended for the treatment of:
- Chicken pox;
- Keposi herpetiform eczema;
- Viral diseases of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, including aphthous stomatitis and lichen planus;
- Cytomegalovirus infection;
- Acute and recurrent infections caused by the herpes simplex virus - the first and second types (as part of complex therapy).
According to the annotation to the drug, the use of Alpizarin is contraindicated:
- In the presence of hypersensitivity to tetrahydroxyglucopyranosylxanten or to any of the auxiliary components;
- Children up to 1 year old - in the form of ointment, up to 3 years old - in tablets (due to the lack of data on the effectiveness and safety of use);
- When lactose intolerance, lactase deficiency, glucose-galactose deficiency.
The drug is prohibited for use in the first trimester of pregnancy, the decision on the appropriateness of its use in the second and third trimesters is taken by the attending physician.
In the period of lactation, according to strict indications, the prescription of Alpizarin is possible, but under constant medical supervision, since there is no data on the release of tetrahydroxy glucopyranosylxanten into breast milk. If possible, breastfeeding is still recommended to temporarily stop.
Dosage and Administration Alpizarina
Alpizarin tablets, according to the instructions, are taken orally, regardless of the meal. The dosage depends on the patient's age: children over 12 years old and adults are prescribed 1-2 tablets three or four times a day, children 6 to 12 years old - 1 tablet two or three times a day, babies 3 to 6 years old 1 / 2-1 table. two or three times a day.
The maximum permissible daily dose for children 3-12 years old is 300 mg (which corresponds to 3 Alpizarin tablets), for children over 12 years old and adults - 800 mg (or 8 tablets).
Alpizarin ointment is applied externally 4-6 times a day, applying to the skin with a thin layer and rubbing it with light massaging movements. Children are prescribed 2% ointment, adults 5%, and 2% ointment is indicated for children and adults to treat lesions of the mucous membranes.
The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor taking into account the type of the disease and the severity of its course. Usually:
- Treatment of cytomegalovirus infection, shingles, varicella and herpetic eczema Kaposi lasts from 7 to 21 days;
- Therapy of aphthous stomatitis takes 5-15 days;
- Treatment of erosive and ulcerative forms of lichen planus - 2-4 weeks;
- In acute and recurrent forms of herpes simplex of various localization, including genital, the course of Alpizarin use lasts 5-14 days.
With the recurrence of the disease is allowed to repeat courses of this drug. For the prevention of recurrence of herpes infection a month after the end of therapy, an additional course of treatment is carried out for 10-14 days.
Side effects of Alpizarin
According to numerous reviews of patients who received Alpizarin, this drug is well tolerated in the vast majority of cases and does not have any side effects if the dosages recommended by the doctor are observed. This is explained by the fact that Alpizarin is a preparation of plant origin, its active substance is derived from the grass of Alpine kopeechnik , kopechnik yellowing, plants of the legume family or from mangiferin, extracted from mango leaves.
In isolated cases, there are complaints about the development of allergic reactions, which is caused by hypersensitivity or intolerance to one or another component of the drug, about which the patient did not previously know. When you take Alpizarin pill form, headache, nausea, fatigue, diarrhea, and vomiting are also possible.
Cases of overdose of the drug have not been registered to date.
It is recommended to apply Alpizarin immediately after the first signs of the disease appear, the sooner - the more its therapeutic effect will be expressed.
If the disease, in connection with which Alpizarin was prescribed, is accompanied by lymphadenopathy, fever, common rashes and other general phenomena on the part of the body, patients are prescribed simultaneous use of tablets and Alpizarin ointment.
In appointing the drug to children should be borne in mind: the composition of one tablet contains 0.1 g of lactose (milk sugar) and 0.0475 g of potato starch, which corresponds to 0.01 XE (bread units). So, for children 3-12 years old, the maximum daily dose contains 0.03 XE, for children from 12 years and adults - 0.08 XE.
Negative impact on the speed of psychomotor reactions and visual acuity drug has no.
According to belonging to the same pharmacological group and mechanism of action, the following drugs can be considered analogues of Alpizarin: Allokin-alpha, Viracept, Hyporamin, Ingavirin, Kagocel, Nikavir, Tiloron, Fuzeon, Celzerry, Ergoferon and others.
Terms and conditions of storage
Alpizarin tablets are dispensed from pharmacies by prescription, ointment - in non-prescription mode.
The shelf life of the drug is 5 years, subject to the storage conditions recommended by the manufacturer - dry, protected from direct sunlight, with a temperature of 12-15 ºС - for ointment, up to 25 º C - for tablets.