Almagel is an antacid drug.
Release form and composition
The drug Almagel comes in the form of tablets and suspensions intended for oral administration.
Almagel suspension is presented in three forms: Almagel, Almagel A and Almagel Neo. In addition to the main components - aluminum oxide and magnesium oxide - the last two drugs contain respectively: benzocaine (anesthetic) and simethicone (a substance that eliminates the cause of flatulence).
The classic suspension Almagel has a white color, has the smell of lemon. During storage Almagel allowed the formation of a layer of transparent liquid, which disappears after vigorous agitation.
The following are the main active ingredients and their content in 5 ml of Almagel (1 teaspoonful of medicine):
- 2, 18 g of aluminum hydroxide gel, which corresponds to 218 mg of alumina;
- 350 mg of magnesium hydroxide paste, which corresponds to 75 mg of magnesium oxide.
Also Almagel contains additional ingredients:
- 10.9 mg methyl parahydroxybenzoate;
- 801.15 mg sorbitol;
- 1.635 mg of lemon oil;
- 10.9 mg of gietellose;
- 1,363 mg butyl parahydroxybenzoate;
- 98.1 mg 96% ethanol;
- less than 5 ml of purified water;
- 818 μg of sodium saccharinate dihydrate;
- 1,636 mg of propyl parahydroxybenzoate.
The composition of suspensions type A and Neo differ from the above.
Almagel tablets are packed in 24 or 12 pieces.
Suspensions are arranged in 170 ml bottles, together with a measuring spoon, they are packed in cardboard boxes. Each type of Almagel is located in a box of the corresponding color: classic - in green, Almagel Neo - in red, Almagel A - in yellow.
Indications for use Almagel
According to the instructions to Almagel, the drug is effective in the treatment of duodenal ulcer or stomach in acute phases, gastritis in the acute or chronic phase, as well as in reflux esophagitis, duodenitis, diaphragmatic hernia and enteritis. It is recommended to take Almagel in case of gastrointestinal disorders, caused by improper diets, taking medications (primarily glucocorticosteroids and NSAIDs), as well as drinking alcohol and smoking.
It is recommended to refuse the use of Almagel in case of hypersensitivity to its components, with marked impairment of renal function, Alzheimer's disease, and also in case the patient is less than 1 month old.
Dosing and Administration Almagel
The drug is administered orally. The exact dosage prescribed by the doctor, below are indicative.
It is recommended to take from 1 to 3 scoops of Almagel with a frequency of 3 to 4 times a day before meals and before bedtime.
Treatment of duodenal ulcer, as well as the treatment of certain types of gastric ulcer is carried out by applying Almagel between meals. Maintenance treatment is the use of the drug in an amount equal to 1 dosing spoon no more than 4 times a day. The duration of such therapy is up to 3 months.
As prevention Almagel must take 1-2 teaspoons.
The use of the drug by children is allowed only after consulting a doctor. Children who are less than 10 years old should take 1/3 of the dose given to adults. Children over 10, but under 15 years of age should take half the adult dosage.
Treatment of diseases that cause nausea, pain in the abdomen, vomiting is recommended to start with the use of Almagel A, only after the removal of these symptoms they switch to therapy with the help of Almagel classic.
Side effects Almagel
On the background of taking the medication, in rare cases, nausea, stomach spasm, vomiting, constipation, cutting in the stomach area, as well as a change in taste sensations are possible. As a rule, the above symptoms disappear after dose reduction.
It is important to keep in mind that taking high doses of the drug may cause drowsiness.
Since the long-term use of Almagel in high dosages in combination with the consumption of food that is poor in phosphorus can provoke a deficiency of phosphorus, increased excretion and resorption of calcium in the urine, it is necessary to ensure adequate intake of phosphorus with food during the treatment with the drug. In addition, in patients with chronic kidney failure, there may be swelling of the limbs, hypermagnesia and dementia.
Between the use of Almagel and other drugs must be observed interval of at least one hour.
The instructions for Almagel maximum recommended daily dose of 16 scoops.
Before taking the bottle should be shaken.
The following drugs are listed, the composition and mechanism of action are similar to Almagel:
Terms and conditions of storage
Almagel is recommended to store no more than 5 years in a cool place and protected from the penetration of light. Protect against freezing.