Aleron is an antiallergic drug that belongs to the third generation antihistamine group. It has antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, antiexudative and pronounced antihistamine effect.
Release form and composition
The drug is available in the form of tablets, coated shells, in blisters of 10 pieces, 1 or 3 blisters in a cardboard packaging. One tablet contains 5 mg of levocetirizine dihydrochloride.
Indications for use of Aleron
According to the instructions to Aleron, the drug should be used for:
- Allergic conjunctivitis and rhinitis (both seasonal and year-round);
- Hay fever;
- Allergic dermatosis, accompanied by burning, itching and rash on the skin and mucous membranes.
The drug Aleron is contraindicated in:
- Galactose intolerance, impaired learning galactose and glucose;
- Severe form of renal failure;
- Hypersensitivity to the components of the drug and piperazine derivatives.
With caution, the drug is prescribed to women during pregnancy and lactation. Not suitable for children under 6 years old.
Administration and dosage of Aleron
The drug is taken orally with water. The dosage and duration of the course of treatment is determined by the attending physician individually. Most often prescribed 1 tablet 1 time per day. The maximum dose of the drug for an adult is 10 mg, that is, 2 tablets per day.
The duration of treatment with this drug is determined by the nature of the disease. With short-term contact with the allergen, it is enough to take Aleron for 7 days, with hay fever - 3-6 weeks. If necessary, the doctor may extend the course of treatment up to six months.
Patients who suffer from renal failure, need dose adjustment. For example, when creatinine clearance is less than 50 ml / min, 1 tablet of the drug is prescribed 1 time in 48 hours. When prescribing Aleron in patients with impaired liver function, dose adjustment is not necessary.
Side Effects of Aleron
The drug is well tolerated by patients, but in some isolated cases the following side effects were noted:
- On the part of the digestive system: dry mouth, increased appetite, nausea, vomiting, changes in liver function tests, pain in the epigastric region;
- From the side of the central nervous system: drowsiness, insomnia, headache, fatigue, dizziness;
- Others: nosebleeds, blurred vision, tachycardia.
In patients with hypersensitivity to levocetirizine with the use of Aleron, dyspnea, pruritus, urticaria, rash, angioedema, anaphylaxis were observed.
A study of the use of the drug during pregnancy has not been conducted, so it can be prescribed by the attending physician only if the benefit to the mother is higher than the possible risk to the fetus. Levocetirizine may be excreted in breast milk, therefore, when it is prescribed during lactation, breastfeeding should be temporarily stopped.
No drug interaction with other drugs was found. But it is noted that with repeated use of theophylline can reduce the clearance of levocetirizine.
Not recommended the simultaneous appointment of Aleron with sedatives.
Analogs of Aleron
The most common analogue of Aleron is the drug Xisal.
Terms and conditions of storage
According to the instructions to Aleron, the drug should be stored away from light, in a dry place at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C. The shelf life of the drug is 2 years.