Akvadetrim is a drug created on the basis of a solution of colecalciferol (vitamin D3). It is prescribed for deficiency of vitamin D3 and for poor vitamin-phosphorus-calcium metabolism. Especially widely used in the prevention of various diseases in children. Vitamin D deficiency can provoke the development of rickets, complicate the process of teething. In adults with a lack of this vitamin, the bone tissue softens. In nature, we get vitamin D from sunlight. The use of Akvadetrima helps fill the vitamin deficiency and prevent the occurrence of rickets-like diseases.
Release form and composition
The main active ingredient of Akvadetrima is colecalciferol. The drug is available in the form of drops for oral administration, capsules, oil solution for oral administration and tablets. The most common form for use is oral solution, it is available in dark glass bottles of 10 ml. In 1 ml of approximately 30 drops, each contains 500 IU of vitamin D3. The solution is a colorless transparent liquid with aniseed odor.
Indications for use Akvadetrima
Colecalciferol, contained in Aquadetrim, is a naturally active form of vitamin D3 that helps normalize the metabolism of phosphorus and calcium. Both of these elements play a vital role in the health of each person. Without calcium, the normal formation of the skeleton and the preservation of a strong bone structure are impossible, it helps maintain the muscle tone of the skeletal muscles and improves the performance of nerve impulses. Calcium improves the immune system and has a beneficial effect on blood clotting. With a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium is absorbed into the blood much worse, as a result, the likelihood of rickets in children increases, fragility of bones increases in adults, and convulsive seizures may occur in pregnant women. The use of Akvadetrima eliminates vitamin D3 deficiency, which helps to normalize the level of calcium. The water-based oral solution is absorbed into the blood better than oil solutions, it easily penetrates into breast milk and the placenta.
The main purpose of the use of Akvadetrima is the elimination of vitamin D deficiency and all related diseases. The drug is prescribed to patients with rickets, osteoporosis, tetany, hypocalcemia, osteopathy, osteomalacia. Also in the instructions for Aquadetrim indicated that the drug may be part of a complex therapy for malnutrition, alcoholism, liver cirrhosis, liver failure, jaundice. As a maintenance therapy, Akvadetrim is used for multiple pregnancies, as well as for pregnant women with drug or nicotine addiction. The drug is prescribed to newborns with deficient insolation and lack of vitamin D.
The instructions to Akvadetrim indicated that it is not recommended to take the drug in case of hypersensitivity or intolerance of the active substance, with an excess of vitamin D in the body, with excessive accumulation of calcium (hypercalcemia, hypercalciuria). Infants, pregnant and lactating women, patients with chronic renal and heart failure, with atherosclerosis, sarcoidosis, nephrorouliasis, granulomatosis Akvadetrim prescribed under the constant supervision of a physician.
Dosage and Administration Akvadetrima
Oral solution is taken orally, pre-mixing the dose with a tablespoon of water. Each drop contains 500 IU of colecalciferol, based on the dosage prescribed. The instructions to Akvadetrim said that for the prevention of children, twins and pregnant women with a period of up to 37 weeks, appoint 2-3 drops (1000-1500 IU) of the drug per day. Children after 1 month appoint 500 IU. If the child stays in the open air regularly, the dosage should be reduced. A prophylactic daily intake for pregnant women over 28 weeks is 500 IU. In the period of menopause prescribe 500-1000ME. When treating rickets, it is necessary to take Aquadetrim at a dosage of 2000-5000 IU, and in the first five days it is necessary to give a minimum dosage of 2000 IU, in the absence of side effects, the dose must be increased. The treatment period is six weeks, if necessary, the course can be repeated in a couple of weeks. After achieving the desired result, you can carry out maintenance therapy and take Akvadetrim 500 IU per day. The maximum dosage in 5000ME is prescribed only in the presence of bone pathologies. In the treatment of rickets-like diseases, Akvadetrim is prescribed at a dosage of 20,000-30000 IU per day (40-60 drops) in a course of 4-6 weeks. The drug should not be prescribed independently, since high dosages can lead to an excess of vitamin D in the body.
Side Effects of Akvadetrima
If you use the drug strictly according to the instructions and comply with the specified dosage, side effects will not occur. In case of an overdose of Aquadetrim, vomiting, nausea, dry mouth, diarrhea, renal colic, anxiety, pain in the joints, headache, loss of body weight, corneal opacity, systemic calcification, polyuria, inflammation of the iris can occur. When symptoms of overdose should immediately stop taking the drug, the patient should drink as much liquid as possible.
The daily dose of vitamin D3 for a healthy adult is 400 IU. Apply Akvadetrim should be under medical supervision, regularly conducting tests on the concentration of Ca2 + in the blood and urine. During prophylactic administration, the dosage of the drug must be carefully monitored; children should not be given more than 10-15 mg per year. Children who take vitamin D for a long time are prone to growth retardation.
Analogues of Akvadetrima
Analogs are drugs Vigantol, Videhol, Vitamin D, Osteoca.
Terms and conditions of storage
Akvadetrim should be stored in a dry dark place at a temperature not higher than 25 ° C for three years.